民族和自由歐洲
歐洲議會黨團
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英文簡寫ENF
法文簡寫ENL
意识形态反伊斯蘭
反移民[1]
歐洲懷疑主義[1]
極右派[2][3][4][5]
民族主義[6][7][8][9]
右派民粹主義[10][11]
歐洲政黨Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom and European Alliance for Freedom
成立15 June 2015
主席Nicolas Bay
Marcel de Graaff
歐洲議會
35 / 751
網站www.enfgroup-ep.eu

民族和自由欧洲英语:Europe of Nations and Freedom)是一个极右翼欧洲议会党团[12][13][14]

2015年6月15日,该党团有39名议员,是欧洲议会里最小的党团。该党团成员持民族主义欧洲怀疑主义右翼民粹主义反伊斯蘭及反移民的观点,但相較於EFDD,比較少反歐盟的色彩。

民族和自由欧洲雖然與同樣是右翼民粹主义欧洲怀疑主义自由和直接民主歐洲(EFDD)黨團的立場相近,但自由和直接民主歐洲主要是偏向於退出歐盟,與以推動反伊斯蘭、右翼民粹主义及反移民為主,而非退出歐盟的民族和自由欧洲不同。成員除荷蘭自由党外,均支持留在歐盟,部分則對歐盟去留公投持開放態度。

成員

參考資料

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Expelled UKIP MEP 'agrees to join' eurosceptic group. Daily Mail (London). 16 June 2015. 
  2. ^ France's Le Pen announces far-right bloc of anti-EU MEPs. BBC News. 16 June 2015 [2015-07-09]. 
  3. ^ Samuel, Henry; Holehouse, Matthew. Marine Le Pen forms far-Right group in European Parliament. 每日电讯报 (London). 16 June 2015 [2015-07-08]. 
  4. ^ Rettman, Andrew. Far-right parties form group in EU parliament. EU Observer. 15 June 2015 [2015-07-09]. 
  5. ^ Far right MEPs form EU parliamentary group | The Parliament Magazine. Theparliamentmagazine.eu. [2015-11-04]. 
  6. ^ Le Pen finds common cause with Europe's nationalists. BBC News. 16 June 2015. 
  7. ^ EU's right-wing ENF faction unites to fight for 'patriotism, sovereignty and identity'. Deutsche Welle. Published 21 January 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  8. ^ Marine Le Pen hails patriotism as the policy of the future. BBC News. Published 21 January 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  9. ^ Europe’s top rightwing politicians gather in Koblenz. Financial Times. Published 21 January 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  10. ^ Tobias Gerhard Schminke. Instabile Rechtsfraktion im EU-Parlament – Treffpunkt Europa | europäisch, politisch, kritisch. Treffpunkteuropa.de. [2015-11-04]. 
  11. ^ Europe’s right-wing populist leaders to confer in Germany. The Washington Post. Published 19 January 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  12. ^ EU's right-wing ENF faction unites to fight for 'patriotism, sovereignty and identity'. Deutsche Welle. Published 21 January 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  13. ^ Marine Le Pen hails patriotism as the policy of the future. BBC News. Published 21 January 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  14. ^ Europe’s top rightwing politicians gather in Koblenz. Financial Times. Published 21 January 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2017.

外部連結